The Geospatial Approach to Cybersecurity

GIS in Cybersecurity

High-profile incidents like the Equifax data breach and WannaCry ransomware attack have ensured that cybersecurity is a top priority for organizations of all kinds. Retailers that process payments, hospitals entrusted with confidential patient information and local governments conducting elections are all highly conscious of the threats posed by phishing scams, denial-of-service attacks and malware. According to Ponemon Institute’s annual Cost of a Data Breach Study for 2018, the average data breach costs $3.86 million, a 6.4 percent increase from the previous year.

Cybersecurity professionals employ a variety of tools and strategies to prevent the financial losses and reputational damage that result from these intrusions. Geographic information science offers resources that can help organizations analyze potentially compromised systems and develop stronger defenses. The role of GIS in cybersecurity continues to expand as more businesses discover the value of geospatial problem-solving for stopping an evolving array of dangers.

Mapping Cybersecurity Threats

Systems detect more infections with every passing second around the world. GIS helps us to understand the scale of this problem and detect meaningful trends. Mapping cyberattacks in real time reveals just how common such incidents are and how important it is for organizations to have updated countermeasures in place.

Fortunately, spatial information also helps more directly, allowing security experts to discover unauthorized activity early. To minimize the consequences of a data breach or malware attack, stakeholders need to communicate clearly and coordinate an immediate response. GIS can provide clear visualizations of the systems involved in an incident and promote situational awareness across multiple departments.

An Esri white paper showed how organizations can map out the connections between devices and coordinate their responses to intrusions. In this example, cyberspace is visualized in five layers:

  • The social/persona layer, including all the employees using a network
  • The device layer of those individuals’ computers and phones
  • The logical network layer showing the connections between devices
  • The physical network layer displaying the underlying infrastructure
  • The geographic layer revealing the physical locations of all the relevant devices and systems

A detailed perspective on the flow of data through an organization’s network leads to actionable intelligence about any disruptions or device failures that may interfere with operations. Spatial information ties an incident to specific places, allowing experts to judge whether the issue stems from an intentional attempt to compromise the system and assess the effects. Maps can then guide cybersecurity and IT personnel as they set priorities and decisively head off the intrusion.

Protecting Infrastructure

In our globally connected world, cybersecurity is crucial to keep essential infrastructure functioning properly. For example, a 2018 report from the U.S. Department of Energy noted that even as electrical power systems become more reliant on connections to the Internet, the safeguards at many energy companies have not kept pace with cyber threats. The DOE warned that, without proactive steps to address vulnerabilities in the power grid, compromised systems could prove disastrous for communities.

Cyberattacks on energy providers may take various forms, such as sending inaccurate information about the demand for power in particular areas. Systems responding to these false estimates of electricity use might cause imbalances and power outages. Fortunately, GIS can help to address this vulnerability.

Detection software uses GIS mapping to monitor the distribution of energy, giving energy companies greater visibility into operations throughout the power grid. Meanwhile, security detection algorithms can spot issues in the distribution load that might indicate that operators are receiving deceptive information. If any anomalies show up, energy providers can evaluate whether they are the result of a hack and respond accordingly.

Maintaining Geospatial Data Security

A huge wealth of spatial information, like many of the findings gathered by NASA probes, is readily available to the public and researchers. However, some organizations retain spatial data that is proprietary or must be kept confidential due to security or privacy concerns. For example, geographic details may compromise the privacy of individuals who participate in healthcare or social science studies.

In these cases, cybersecurity professionals must implement a layer of security that prevents unauthorized access to geospatial information and metadata. Effective access control mechanisms may include:

  • Clearly defined policy specifications for who can use geospatial features
  • Semantic reasoner software to enforce those policies
  • Identity management systems to check the credentials of users
  • Data authenticity verification

About USC’s Online GIS Graduate Programs

The University of Southern California offers a comprehensive selection of online GIS programs, including GIS master’s degrees and GIS graduate certificates. This gives our students the ultimate flexibility in tailoring their education for their career goals. Click on the programs below to learn about our leading geographic information science education.

  • M.S. in Geographic Information Science & Technology
  • M.S. in Human Security and Geospatial Intelligence
  • Graduate Certificate in GIST
  • Graduate Certificate in Geospatial Intelligence
  • Graduate Certificate in Geospatial Leadership
  • Graduate Certificate in Remote Sensing for Earth Observation

Traditional Six Sigma vs Lean Six Sigma Certification

Six Sigma vs Lean Six Sigma

Lean Six Sigma Certification

Lean Six Sigma improves quality control and other business processes more quickly and more efficiently than standard Six Sigma. Therefore, there are many people who are now interested in obtaining their own Lean Six Sigma Certification in order to improve on their own company or to improve on the future of their career.

Lean Six Sigma Certification is obtained when a person completes Lean Training. Lean principles are sometimes seen as just an extension of the regular Six Sigma process. Therefore, some information and analysis used for the Lean Certification is very similar to traditional Six Sigma Training and Certification. The difference is in the actual process and end goals.

To learn the added principles of Lean, you must know the Six Sigma Methodology, otherwise you will not know the necessary basics. An employee with Lean Certification will be able to aid in waste reduction, eliminating processes and sub-processes in the business that are no longer needed, wasted movements of all sorts, as well as elimination of wasted time. These people will be great for any company and will find that they are much needed for many applications. Those with a Certification will be able to spot overproduction, any excessive inventory, and may be able to help relocate employees who are not realizing their full potential at their current positions in the company to other positions where they will be better used.

Lean applications for a business will be focused on the speed of the processes and their efficiency, but there is a difference between this speed and the overall schedule of the company. Those with Lean Certification will not be trying to fit a larger schedule into a smaller time frame, they will be working to streamline all of the processes so more can be fit into a day. Lean Certification is a great idea for those who already have their standard Six Sigma Certification, as it will be a logical extension of their knowledge base as well as an asset to any company they may choose to work for.

Lean Six Sigma Vs Traditional Six Sigma

Lean Six Sigma is as its name implies, is a slimmer and faster version of Six Sigma. The speed of Lean Six Sigma is tied to the perfection in the process. In other words, improve the process flow, and you will automatically speed up the process, while at the same time, deliver better quality, which will make your clients happy.

It is important to note that creating speed in the process does not mean shortening the delivery schedule or compacting the process to make it quicker. Lean Six Sigma is a process by which to recognize opportunities in order to streamline the process, thereby speeding it up. Once the core process is identified, the focus then turns to making it run smoother and better without mistakes or defects. Lean Six Sigma has two basic ways for speeding up the processes; short frequent learning cycles, or what is called knowledge creation, and delayed commitment.

When the process involves knowledge creation instead of knowledge replication, speed and quality come from simply improving the flow. Project managers are sometimes guilty of being their own worst enemy. They impede the process by forcing early and bad choices which reduce the number of possibilities. This is called project front loading, where all decisions are made in the beginning, rather than letting the process play out and reveal what works best for the application. A process with preconceived expectations usually never works. Lean Six Sigma means allowing the process to work in order to reveal the right way to look at the way the core process works.

By playing with the processes, tweaking them as you go along, you narrow down to a smoother, more streamlined approach, which naturally speeds up the processes, simply because the problems have been eliminated. This is another difference between Lean Six Sigma and Six Sigma. Applying Six Sigma as is, means applying a layer of practices that may not be right for your core process. Doing this makes your process slow and non-responsive. Lean Six Sigma stipulates that by looking at the slow processes, you can ultimately learn more about the processes, developing the speed, quality and discipline needed to satisfy your goals, clients and customers.

Why Online Reputation Management Profile Defenders Is Important Nowadays?

An online reputation management profile defenders requires everything to maintain your image online. Nowadays, everyone in the world will see some piece of knowledge, feedback, or reviews posted about your company online.

Everyone has links to ideas, perspectives, thoughts, and thoughts on the company on various online sites in the era of social networking, Blogs, and consumer response forums. You can’t ever satisfy everybody, no matter how nice you are. Moreover, you can certainly not hold a 100% picture-perfect image online at all times.

Many customers settle on the order depending on a company’s online popularity. This is the first thoughts are always of an online company environment or in profile defenders services. If people begin to search for a specific brand, one or more poor reviews will contribute to the brand’s immediate rejection. You may delete or hide the negative feedback using online credibility management to show your search engine’s good performance. If you are less than your best online images, all the attempts you make to boost your company’s credibility can be in vain.

When you realize what your company does, you can do nothing positive to boost your online reputation. You monitor information and should know the rest. Try searching for your company name on Google, and you might realize what your corporation is telling. You will read detailed feedback and thoughts regarding your organization or service with correct search terms. You may also search for common social networking sites to see what people say about your brand.

Don’t allow yourself to be left behind just because of bad feedback, criticism, or something that damages your image online. Many organizations with leading activist accounts will help hold a good picture of the media and help you become the best online reputation management profile defenders in the USA. There are several occasions when a company or an entity is the subject of criticism or derogatory remarks. While some people want to exaggerate the little problems, more people prefer to compose lengthy paragraphs to demonstrate their writing talents in the area of analysis, which win ‘HLAs – Dislike life awards.

The extent of usage of the online reputation management tool depends on the organization’s scale and the standing online. If hurt, all the issues will take longer and more money to fix. There might not be much online conversation for your organization if you’ve just begun your firm.

You need to look at which places you require assistance concerning your online reputation defender profile defenders before settling upon a reputation management company. You will want to begin by seeing your condition online and undertaking an in-depth examination of your existing reputation online.

When you invest in and maintain your business, all of your time, effort, expertise, and money, and pay no attention to your business’ online presence, anything you do could prove to be a waste of time and money. Through your stupidity, you could encourage your company’s derogatory online reputation. You will lose your investors; your sales income will decline, your market share will be lost; your company growth prospects may inevitably be lost. Your consumers can eventually be able to take their competitors away from your online reputation.

When others have written derogatory feedback and articles, and even other users have noticed it, the battle back is something you can do. If it’s built on speculation or a false name does not matter. It doesn’t even mean a thing to people. However, scathing reviews and comments based on false information can affect your business development and contribute to your rivals losing their customers. You may email the website administrator and insist that the fake reviews be deleted if you are convinced that bad reviews are inaccurate or were published by an industry rival to degrade your company.

The best news is that you can save yourself from this vast failure and humiliation by taking us as your trustworthy profile defenders online reputation management in the UK, Canada. Some companies make sure you succeed with a clear picture in the modern era. If someone curses your name by writing a derogatory article, news release, grievances, tweets, here you will see, drive down the list of these search results so that they can’t find something bad in the top search results pages if anyone looks for you or your company.

  • Another primary approach for fostering a positive picture or reputation defender profile defenders is to post well-crafted refutations on your photos. Just pick a team of best-talented authors or profile defenders services; they will help people produce content that represents a clear picture of yours by showcasing your good works, constructive feedback, and accomplishments.
  • Local customer survey showed that 91% of customers are more inclined to take advantage of business once they have read favorable feedback. The typical user reads ten feedbacks until they focus on a local brand. If you refute your company, it implies that you can gain morale in your clients, build up your credibility, and play an essential part in boosting revenues and profits.
  • Some companies as the industry’s well-known ORM protector,  provide a wide variety of ORM services, including:
  • Comprehensive research and growth perform a complete visual review of the existing picture and build a new picture plan.
  • Creating content and positioning of content, creating content including posts, news releases, and organic material and publishing reputable websites and forums to improve the online profile.
  • Creation of online profiles, focus on a good profile to improve your company’s exposure and credibility.

Conclusion: It will take considerable time, resources, and commitment to create and maintain an organization’s online image and generate a favourable answer to a brand. As in the real environment, a company’s success often relies very much on its online credibility. But what’s the reputation online? What else refers to the control of online reputation?

It is clear that no company owner needs to see derogatory feedback regarding his organization online. If potential customers find such comments, they may opt-out of becoming your customer. This is why it is so necessary to preserve your integrity online.