Electrical Engineering Technician Skills and Knowledge

From maintaining power infrastructure to developing navigation and communications systems, electrical engineers play crucial roles across nearly every industry. With advanced electrical engineering skills, experts can lead the design, testing and manufacturing of the equipment that keep the world running.

If you’re interested in starting or advancing in a career in this field, you need to be familiar with a range of cutting-edge techniques and essential tools. With the right combination of electrical engineering technical and soft skills, you can implement the powerful solutions and sustainable processes that today’s organizations need to thrive.

What Skills Should an Electrical Engineer Have?

Electrical engineers draw on a thorough knowledge of science and mathematics to solve problems and move complex projects forward. Successful professionals in the field need a solid foundation in methods for analyzing, building and maintaining electrical equipment and systems. The following are some of the most important skills needed for MS degree in Electrical Engineering:

Electrical Engineering Skills List

  • Circuit design
  • Apply linear systems theory and analysis
  • Develop electrical schematics
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Build and operate computer systems
  • Prepare operational plans
  • Electronic equipment maintenance
  • Direct construction activities and equipment upkeep

High-Demand Electrical Engineering Focus Areas

Engineers can prepare to excel in their current and future roles with specialized education and hands-on experience. For example, students taking GW’s Master of Science in electrical engineering online gain key knowledge in one of our high-demand focus areas: electrical power systems or communications and networks. Below are just a few of the electrical engineering skills required for each of these disciplines.

Electrical Power and Energy

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, one in 10 electrical engineers are employed by organizations specializing in electric power generation, transmission and distribution.

  • Design power delivery systems for efficient and reliable operations
  • Improve power generation and distribution
  • Use electronics for power conversion
  • Maintain and secure power systems

Communications and Networks

Individuals and businesses increasingly rely on digital communications for all kinds of everyday interactions and transactions. The GSM Association’s 2018 report on The Mobile Economy projected that by 2025 there will be 5.9 billion unique mobile subscribers worldwide, with 53 percent connected at 4G speeds and 14 percent at 5G.

  • Understand and apply the principles of digital communication systems
  • Implement computer networks and control structures
  • Construct and maintain local area networks, wide area networks and wireless networks
  • Model wireless communication channel effects and employ modulation techniques

What Tools Do Electrical Engineers Use?

Electrical engineers rely on their tools to make connections, run diagnostics and perform delicate adjustments. Professionals may keep varied assortments of cutters, pliers and tweezers and other items, depending their responsibilities and work environments. However, these are some of the key tools that many experts in electrical systems use regularly:

  • Frequency calibrators and simulators
  • Laboratory evaporators and safety furnaces
  • Oscilloscopes
  • Scanning probe microscopes
  • Semiconductor process systems, such as electron beam evaporators, wafer steppers and wire bonders
  • Signal generators
  • Spectrometers
  • Tube furnaces
  • Voltage or current meters

What Software do Electrical Engineers Use?

Computer software assists engineers in creating and optimizing electrical equipment systems. Some of the most important types of software include:

  • Computer-aided drafting tools for circuit diagrams and electrical schematics
  • Power system and circuit simulators to analyze and test designs
  • Project management software to track tasks, labor and costs
  • Computing software for operations including differential equations, linear algebra and curve fitting

Which Programming Language is Best for Electrical Engineers?

  • Electrical engineers commonly use high-level programming languages like C or Python to program microcontrollers for integrated circuits
  • Do electrical engineers use C++? A knowledge of an object-oriented language like C++ can be highly useful for tasks like designing computing equipment and building hardware simulations.

What Qualities Should an Electrical Engineer Have?

Technical knowhow is indispensable for anyone striving to build an engineering career. To reach your full potential, however, you need to back up your knowledge with strong set of soft skills. These qualities can make all the difference in consistently fulfilling your project objectives and achieving your long-term goals.

Creative Problem-Solving

Electrical engineers routinely tackle complex challenges and devise inventive solutions. To achieve the best results, it’s important that these experts are prepared to keep up with changes in technology and experiment with various approaches to problem-solving. With each project, an engineer may face new challenges, such as constraints on available resources or a novel interaction between multiple systems.

Clear Communication

Professionals can maximize their impact within an organization by developing their skills in both written and oral communication. Engineers should be able to explain their ideas with precision to fellow experts and non-technical audiences alike. Clients and executive leadership must be able to understand an engineer’s recommendations or needs for additional resources.


Engineers make their projects successful by collaborating effectively with multidisciplinary teams. To lead effectively, an electrical engineer must be able to calculate the demands of each project, make strategic choices about using resources and optimize each phase of operations. Engineering leaders understand how their work fits into the larger mission of their organization. In turn, they can guide other professionals in setting and achieving their goals.

7 Truths About the Invisalign Can Benefit Your Child

Most people associate orthodontic treatment with the traditional metal braces that have been around for years. Some kids can be turned off to that idea especially older ones! Luckily, now more than ever patients seeking a healthy smile have options. Invisalign’s clear retainers offer a virtually invisible appearance on the outside while straightening your teeth on the inside, just like traditional braces. When your child opts to go through treatment with Invisalign, they benefit in ways that are not possible with any other kind of orthodontic treatment. Here are seven ways your child can benefit from Invisalign Edmonton dentist!

Easily Removable Trays

Unlike traditional braces, these ones can be taken off by you! Being able to remove the aligners makes it easy for your child to maintain their current oral hygiene routine, decreasing the chances of tooth decay and cavities. Removable aligners also make it easier for your dentist to perform routine check-ups and cleaning. Keep in mind, with great power comes great responsibility! Always be sure to place your aligners in their case when they aren’t in your mouth.

No Dietary Restrictions

Go ahead, bite into that apple! With Invisalign, you can eat whatever you want. There are no brackets to worry about breaking or food getting stuck behind them, simply remove your aligners and dig in. Your child will love the freedom of enjoying their favorite snacks over the course of their treatment. Sticky, crunchy and sugary foods aren’t off the table for your little one. Just remind them to always brush their teeth!

Faster Treatment Time

Invisalign can straighten your smile up to 50% faster, this means less time waiting and more time smiling! The amount of time you will have to wear your retainers is unique for every patient given a number of different factors that could prolong or shorten treatment time. However, standard treatment time for Invisalign is between 18 and 24 weeks whereas traditional braces are about two years.

Breaks Bad Habits

If your child complains of a sore jaw, headaches or neck pains they could be suffering side effects of teeth grinding. Many parents are unaware of their child grinding their teeth as it is most common to happen while the child is asleep. Breaking this habit can be easy with Invisalign, the aligners give your child’s teeth an extra layer of protection and the realignment of their bite will also help prevent or stop the grinding altogether.

Improves Speech

Many people aren’t aware that the positioning of your teeth has a lot to do with your speech. The most common offenders when it comes to difficulties communicating include but aren’t limited to crooked teeth, Bad Bite and Crowding. With Invisalign, your child’s teeth will be placed in the ideal position for their mouth which will make daily tasks (like speaking) much easier.

Designed for Comfort

Invisalign clear aligners are made out of plastic and once they are fitted to your bite, they slide right over your teeth, pain-free! Your child will have a peace of mind knowing they are working towards their dream smile without any pain. Invisalign aligners won’t get between your child and doing what they love the most.

Invisible Aligners

Most people opt for Invisalign because of the invisible aligners, they allow your child to go through treatment discreetly and still get amazing results. It is not uncommon for kids to feel self-conscious while wearing braces, that’s why Invisalign is a great alternative to traditional braces. Your child will love how they look, the faster treatment time and the beautiful straight teeth smile in the end.

Surrogacy in Pennsylvania: What You Need to Know

Surrogacy allows couples and individuals to start or grow their families when natural and other means of reproduction fails. This form of assisted reproduction is common in Pennsylvania and other states in the US. However, besides the overwhelming medical procedure, the laws guiding surrogacy are quite complex.

If you intend to build your family via a surrogate, this article can enlighten you on the legal process. It’s also advisable to discuss with family lawyers Norristown PA, who are familiar with surrogacy laws.

Surrogacy Laws in Pennsylvania

In 2006, a superior court in Pennsylvania overturned a lower court’s judgment on the legality of surrogacy in the state. This ruling set a standard and made it legal for families and individuals to have children via a surrogate.

However, the court didn’t set any specific state laws to govern the process. Instead, intending parents must adhere to federal surrogacy laws. Therefore, families might need to work with surrogate professionals such as family lawyers in Norristown, PA, to avoid legal issues.

Gestational VS Traditional Surrogacy

Pennsylvania practices the two types of surrogacy; gestational and traditional surrogacy. Gestational surrogacy is the most common, and it involves in vitro fertilization of another person’s sperm and egg into the surrogate mother. Therefore, the fetus and surrogate won’t have any biological relationship.

In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate becomes pregnant using her eggs, via intrauterine insemination. This kind of surrogacy isn’t widespread due to its associated legal and emotional risks. Since the surrogate is the fetus’s biological mother, she has the standing to seek custody, leading to a complex legal issue. Because of its risk, many surrogacy agencies won’t offer this service.

Traditional surrogacy has similar regulations as adoption. The biological mother will need to terminate her parental rights before the other party can become parents to the child. Likewise, the intending parents must take specific legal steps after birth to establish parental rights. Due to these regulations, pre-birth orders and surrogacy compensations are against the law.

On the other hand, gestational surrogacy laws are more specific and have lesser risks. Intending parents can minimize potential legal issues by establishing legal and emotional roles from the beginning. The surrogate won’t have the right to seek custody. Furthermore, it’s acceptable for the surrogate to obtain compensation for her services.

Surrogacy Contract

In gestational surrogacy, intending parents and surrogates will have to sign a legal contract before taking any medical actions. This document addresses the potential risks and liabilities of the process and expectations of each party.

When drafting the contract, both surrogate and parents will have separate attorneys to represent their legal interests. If both sides agree to the terms, they’ll sign and finalize the agreement and begin the medical process.


While surrogacy is legal in Pennsylvania, no rules guide the process, as you’ll find in some states. If you’re an intending parent, you must follow the federal surrogacy laws. Schedule a consultation with top family lawyers in Norristown, PA, to learn more about the legal aspect of surrogacy.

Dental Business Transitioning: Understanding the Valuation Process

Are you considering selling your dental practice? Maybe it’s time to retire and enjoy all the rewards of your long years working as a dentist. Or you want to move on and try out new business opportunities. Whatever the reason, transitioning in or out of a dental practice is a significant milestone that requires careful handling. Every transitioning process involves making important professional and financial decisions; thus, it can sometimes be quite stressful. However, with professional help in planning and navigating the entire process, selling or buying a dental practice can be a rewarding and successful process.

Once you decide to sell your dental practice, the first thing to do is get a valuation for your dental business. The value placed on your practice plays a crucial role in the entire transitioning process. It’s essential to find an excellent dentist CPA San Diego with experience in valuations. 

Your CPA will take into consideration every aspect of the business before providing an expert dental practice valuation.

Understanding the Valuation Process

A detailed valuation review shows the dental business’s strengths and weaknesses. With that information, your broker will give you advice on the best transitioning method for your practice. Valuation tells you whether an outright sale is best for both you and the buyer, or you should consider other options. If your valuation isn’t good enough, you can get advice on what to do from your dentist CPA in San Diego.

With practice valuation, you don’t always get what you expect, which comes as a surprise to many dentists. Understandably, it’s normal to have an emotional attachment to the practice and expect a high valuation. However, emotional attachment doesn’t equal realistic valuation, and as a potential seller, you have to accept that fact.

A dental business’s value is estimated from its hard assets and its ability to generate revenue for its potential owners. Referred to as the practice’s “goodwill,” this income-generating estimate is what convinces the buyer that your practice has value. Your practice’s good will is estimated from a few factors, including the current patient list, recurring income, and other immediate revenue-producing sources. The value of your staff is also a part of the business’s goodwill. Getting a good idea of your practice’s goodwill offers both you and potential buyers the opportunity to give proper value to the company. With the right valuation, you get a reasonable price for your practice while the buyer gets good value for their money.

If you’re buying a dental practice, a proper valuation process not only tells you the fair price to pay, it also gives insight into the practice’s state. Can the dental office survive the change of dentist? What is the cash flow of this practice? Do you need to buy new machines and dental equipment after purchasing the business? Valuation answers all these questions and more. Ultimately, you have to turn to an excellent dentist CPA in San Diego to use the best valuation method for the dental practice you want to buy. Always remember that valuation is not a cut-and-dry process, and the most experienced CPAs make better valuation judgments.

The Geospatial Approach to Cybersecurity

GIS in Cybersecurity

High-profile incidents like the Equifax data breach and WannaCry ransomware attack have ensured that cybersecurity is a top priority for organizations of all kinds. Retailers that process payments, hospitals entrusted with confidential patient information and local governments conducting elections are all highly conscious of the threats posed by phishing scams, denial-of-service attacks and malware. According to Ponemon Institute’s annual Cost of a Data Breach Study for 2018, the average data breach costs $3.86 million, a 6.4 percent increase from the previous year.

Cybersecurity professionals employ a variety of tools and strategies to prevent the financial losses and reputational damage that result from these intrusions. Geographic information science offers resources that can help organizations analyze potentially compromised systems and develop stronger defenses. The role of GIS in cybersecurity continues to expand as more businesses discover the value of geospatial problem-solving for stopping an evolving array of dangers.

Mapping Cybersecurity Threats

Systems detect more infections with every passing second around the world. GIS helps us to understand the scale of this problem and detect meaningful trends. Mapping cyberattacks in real time reveals just how common such incidents are and how important it is for organizations to have updated countermeasures in place.

Fortunately, spatial information also helps more directly, allowing security experts to discover unauthorized activity early. To minimize the consequences of a data breach or malware attack, stakeholders need to communicate clearly and coordinate an immediate response. GIS can provide clear visualizations of the systems involved in an incident and promote situational awareness across multiple departments.

An Esri white paper showed how organizations can map out the connections between devices and coordinate their responses to intrusions. In this example, cyberspace is visualized in five layers:

  • The social/persona layer, including all the employees using a network
  • The device layer of those individuals’ computers and phones
  • The logical network layer showing the connections between devices
  • The physical network layer displaying the underlying infrastructure
  • The geographic layer revealing the physical locations of all the relevant devices and systems

A detailed perspective on the flow of data through an organization’s network leads to actionable intelligence about any disruptions or device failures that may interfere with operations. Spatial information ties an incident to specific places, allowing experts to judge whether the issue stems from an intentional attempt to compromise the system and assess the effects. Maps can then guide cybersecurity and IT personnel as they set priorities and decisively head off the intrusion.

Protecting Infrastructure

In our globally connected world, cybersecurity is crucial to keep essential infrastructure functioning properly. For example, a 2018 report from the U.S. Department of Energy noted that even as electrical power systems become more reliant on connections to the Internet, the safeguards at many energy companies have not kept pace with cyber threats. The DOE warned that, without proactive steps to address vulnerabilities in the power grid, compromised systems could prove disastrous for communities.

Cyberattacks on energy providers may take various forms, such as sending inaccurate information about the demand for power in particular areas. Systems responding to these false estimates of electricity use might cause imbalances and power outages. Fortunately, GIS can help to address this vulnerability.

Detection software uses GIS mapping to monitor the distribution of energy, giving energy companies greater visibility into operations throughout the power grid. Meanwhile, security detection algorithms can spot issues in the distribution load that might indicate that operators are receiving deceptive information. If any anomalies show up, energy providers can evaluate whether they are the result of a hack and respond accordingly.

Maintaining Geospatial Data Security

A huge wealth of spatial information, like many of the findings gathered by NASA probes, is readily available to the public and researchers. However, some organizations retain spatial data that is proprietary or must be kept confidential due to security or privacy concerns. For example, geographic details may compromise the privacy of individuals who participate in healthcare or social science studies.

In these cases, cybersecurity professionals must implement a layer of security that prevents unauthorized access to geospatial information and metadata. Effective access control mechanisms may include:

  • Clearly defined policy specifications for who can use geospatial features
  • Semantic reasoner software to enforce those policies
  • Identity management systems to check the credentials of users
  • Data authenticity verification

About USC’s Online GIS Graduate Programs

The University of Southern California offers a comprehensive selection of online GIS programs, including GIS master’s degrees and GIS graduate certificates. This gives our students the ultimate flexibility in tailoring their education for their career goals. Click on the programs below to learn about our leading geographic information science education.

  • M.S. in Geographic Information Science & Technology
  • M.S. in Human Security and Geospatial Intelligence
  • Graduate Certificate in GIST
  • Graduate Certificate in Geospatial Intelligence
  • Graduate Certificate in Geospatial Leadership
  • Graduate Certificate in Remote Sensing for Earth Observation

Traditional Six Sigma vs Lean Six Sigma Certification

Six Sigma vs Lean Six Sigma

Lean Six Sigma Certification

Lean Six Sigma improves quality control and other business processes more quickly and more efficiently than standard Six Sigma. Therefore, there are many people who are now interested in obtaining their own Lean Six Sigma Certification in order to improve on their own company or to improve on the future of their career.

Lean Six Sigma Certification is obtained when a person completes Lean Training. Lean principles are sometimes seen as just an extension of the regular Six Sigma process. Therefore, some information and analysis used for the Lean Certification is very similar to traditional Six Sigma Training and Certification. The difference is in the actual process and end goals.

To learn the added principles of Lean, you must know the Six Sigma Methodology, otherwise you will not know the necessary basics. An employee with Lean Certification will be able to aid in waste reduction, eliminating processes and sub-processes in the business that are no longer needed, wasted movements of all sorts, as well as elimination of wasted time. These people will be great for any company and will find that they are much needed for many applications. Those with a Certification will be able to spot overproduction, any excessive inventory, and may be able to help relocate employees who are not realizing their full potential at their current positions in the company to other positions where they will be better used.

Lean applications for a business will be focused on the speed of the processes and their efficiency, but there is a difference between this speed and the overall schedule of the company. Those with Lean Certification will not be trying to fit a larger schedule into a smaller time frame, they will be working to streamline all of the processes so more can be fit into a day. Lean Certification is a great idea for those who already have their standard Six Sigma Certification, as it will be a logical extension of their knowledge base as well as an asset to any company they may choose to work for.

Lean Six Sigma Vs Traditional Six Sigma

Lean Six Sigma is as its name implies, is a slimmer and faster version of Six Sigma. The speed of Lean Six Sigma is tied to the perfection in the process. In other words, improve the process flow, and you will automatically speed up the process, while at the same time, deliver better quality, which will make your clients happy.

It is important to note that creating speed in the process does not mean shortening the delivery schedule or compacting the process to make it quicker. Lean Six Sigma is a process by which to recognize opportunities in order to streamline the process, thereby speeding it up. Once the core process is identified, the focus then turns to making it run smoother and better without mistakes or defects. Lean Six Sigma has two basic ways for speeding up the processes; short frequent learning cycles, or what is called knowledge creation, and delayed commitment.

When the process involves knowledge creation instead of knowledge replication, speed and quality come from simply improving the flow. Project managers are sometimes guilty of being their own worst enemy. They impede the process by forcing early and bad choices which reduce the number of possibilities. This is called project front loading, where all decisions are made in the beginning, rather than letting the process play out and reveal what works best for the application. A process with preconceived expectations usually never works. Lean Six Sigma means allowing the process to work in order to reveal the right way to look at the way the core process works.

By playing with the processes, tweaking them as you go along, you narrow down to a smoother, more streamlined approach, which naturally speeds up the processes, simply because the problems have been eliminated. This is another difference between Lean Six Sigma and Six Sigma. Applying Six Sigma as is, means applying a layer of practices that may not be right for your core process. Doing this makes your process slow and non-responsive. Lean Six Sigma stipulates that by looking at the slow processes, you can ultimately learn more about the processes, developing the speed, quality and discipline needed to satisfy your goals, clients and customers.

Why Online Reputation Management Profile Defenders Is Important Nowadays?

An online reputation management profile defenders requires everything to maintain your image online. Nowadays, everyone in the world will see some piece of knowledge, feedback, or reviews posted about your company online.

Everyone has links to ideas, perspectives, thoughts, and thoughts on the company on various online sites in the era of social networking, Blogs, and consumer response forums. You can’t ever satisfy everybody, no matter how nice you are. Moreover, you can certainly not hold a 100% picture-perfect image online at all times.

Many customers settle on the order depending on a company’s online popularity. This is the first thoughts are always of an online company environment or in profile defenders services. If people begin to search for a specific brand, one or more poor reviews will contribute to the brand’s immediate rejection. You may delete or hide the negative feedback using online credibility management to show your search engine’s good performance. If you are less than your best online images, all the attempts you make to boost your company’s credibility can be in vain.

When you realize what your company does, you can do nothing positive to boost your online reputation. You monitor information and should know the rest. Try searching for your company name on Google, and you might realize what your corporation is telling. You will read detailed feedback and thoughts regarding your organization or service with correct search terms. You may also search for common social networking sites to see what people say about your brand.

Don’t allow yourself to be left behind just because of bad feedback, criticism, or something that damages your image online. Many organizations with leading activist accounts will help hold a good picture of the media and help you become the best online reputation management profile defenders in the USA. There are several occasions when a company or an entity is the subject of criticism or derogatory remarks. While some people want to exaggerate the little problems, more people prefer to compose lengthy paragraphs to demonstrate their writing talents in the area of analysis, which win ‘HLAs – Dislike life awards.

The extent of usage of the online reputation management tool depends on the organization’s scale and the standing online. If hurt, all the issues will take longer and more money to fix. There might not be much online conversation for your organization if you’ve just begun your firm.

You need to look at which places you require assistance concerning your online reputation defender profile defenders before settling upon a reputation management company. You will want to begin by seeing your condition online and undertaking an in-depth examination of your existing reputation online.

When you invest in and maintain your business, all of your time, effort, expertise, and money, and pay no attention to your business’ online presence, anything you do could prove to be a waste of time and money. Through your stupidity, you could encourage your company’s derogatory online reputation. You will lose your investors; your sales income will decline, your market share will be lost; your company growth prospects may inevitably be lost. Your consumers can eventually be able to take their competitors away from your online reputation.

When others have written derogatory feedback and articles, and even other users have noticed it, the battle back is something you can do. If it’s built on speculation or a false name does not matter. It doesn’t even mean a thing to people. However, scathing reviews and comments based on false information can affect your business development and contribute to your rivals losing their customers. You may email the website administrator and insist that the fake reviews be deleted if you are convinced that bad reviews are inaccurate or were published by an industry rival to degrade your company.

The best news is that you can save yourself from this vast failure and humiliation by taking us as your trustworthy profile defenders online reputation management in the UK, Canada. Some companies make sure you succeed with a clear picture in the modern era. If someone curses your name by writing a derogatory article, news release, grievances, tweets, here you will see, drive down the list of these search results so that they can’t find something bad in the top search results pages if anyone looks for you or your company.

  • Another primary approach for fostering a positive picture or reputation defender profile defenders is to post well-crafted refutations on your photos. Just pick a team of best-talented authors or profile defenders services; they will help people produce content that represents a clear picture of yours by showcasing your good works, constructive feedback, and accomplishments.
  • Local customer survey showed that 91% of customers are more inclined to take advantage of business once they have read favorable feedback. The typical user reads ten feedbacks until they focus on a local brand. If you refute your company, it implies that you can gain morale in your clients, build up your credibility, and play an essential part in boosting revenues and profits.
  • Some companies as the industry’s well-known ORM protector,  provide a wide variety of ORM services, including:
  • Comprehensive research and growth perform a complete visual review of the existing picture and build a new picture plan.
  • Creating content and positioning of content, creating content including posts, news releases, and organic material and publishing reputable websites and forums to improve the online profile.
  • Creation of online profiles, focus on a good profile to improve your company’s exposure and credibility.

Conclusion: It will take considerable time, resources, and commitment to create and maintain an organization’s online image and generate a favourable answer to a brand. As in the real environment, a company’s success often relies very much on its online credibility. But what’s the reputation online? What else refers to the control of online reputation?

It is clear that no company owner needs to see derogatory feedback regarding his organization online. If potential customers find such comments, they may opt-out of becoming your customer. This is why it is so necessary to preserve your integrity online.